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Sun-Sky Radiometer Synthesis of Interplay Between Aerosols and Monsoon Activity Over Pune, India

Devara, PCS and Kumar, S and Vijayakumar, K and Pandithurai, G (2014) Sun-Sky Radiometer Synthesis of Interplay Between Aerosols and Monsoon Activity Over Pune, India. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 171 (9). pp. 2501-2517.

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Besides several thematic campaigns, utilizing a variety of platforms including satellites, ground-based networks have been established to improve our understanding of the role of aerosols in the changing monsoon climate. Two such widely known networks over the globe are ‘SKYNET’ and ‘AERONET’ with sun-sky radiometers as the principal equipment that characterizes aerosols and gases over different geographical locations under varied air mass conditions. Pune (18°43′N, 73°51′E, 559 m above mean sea level), a fast growing low-latitude, urban city in India, is one of the sites where Prede (POM-01L, SKYNET) and Cimel (CE-318, AERONET) Sun-sky radiometers have been in operation since 2004. These radiometers have been extensively used in several studies related to stand-alone and coupled aerosol-cloud-climate processes. The Prede instrument at this site is being augmented for the network of the Global Atmospheric Watch program of the World Meteorological Organization to facilitate data coordination through the World Data Center for Aerosols. The present study envisages understanding the response of atmospheric constituents, through simultaneous operation of the radiometers amongst others, for the rainfall activity over Pune during two contrasting monsoon years of 2008 (active, 98 % of long period average (LPA) rainfall over the whole country) and 2009 (weak, 78 % of LPA). The synthesis of data indicates that, apart from excellent agreement between the direct Sun observations, both radiometers capture well the monsoon features within the instrument density and efficacy of data retrieval algorithms involved. The meteorological fields from the ECMWF re-analysis and NOAA-HYSPLIT air-mass back-trajectory analysis during the study period have been utilized to explain the variations observed in the radiometer products

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer
Uncontrolled Keywords: Meteorological elements; Radiative properties; Sun-sky radiometers; Urban stations, AERONET; aerosol; aerosol property; air mass; algorithm; monsoon; NOAA satellite; precipitation (climatology); radiometer; rainfall, India; Maharashtra; Pune
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 20 May 2015 05:51
Last Modified: 20 May 2015 05:51

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