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Evaluation of brightness temperature from a forward model of ground-based microwave radiometer

Rambabu, S and Pillai, JS and Agarwal, A and Pandithurai, G (2014) Evaluation of brightness temperature from a forward model of ground-based microwave radiometer. Journal of Earth System Science, 123 (4). pp. 641-650.

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Ground-based microwave radiometers are getting great attention in recent years due to their capability to profile the temperature and humidity at high temporal and vertical resolution in the lower troposphere. The process of retrieving these parameters from the measurements of radiometric brightness temperature (TB) includes the inversion algorithm, which uses the background information from a forward model. In the present study, an algorithm development and evaluation of this forward model for a ground-based microwave radiometer, being developed by Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering and Research (SAMEER) of India, is presented. Initially, the analysis of absorption coefficient and weighting function at different frequencies was made to select the channels. Further the range of variation of TB for these selected channels for the year 2011, over the two stations Mumbai and Delhi is discussed. Finally the comparison between forward-model simulated TBs and radiometer measured TBs at Mahabaleshwar (73.66°E and 17.93°N) is done to evaluate the model. There is good agreement between model simulations and radiometer observations, which suggests that these forward model simulations can be used as background for inversion models for retrieving the temperature and humidity profiles.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Uncontrolled Keywords: absorption coefficient; algorithm; brightness temperature; comparative study; computer simulation; forward modeling; microwave radiometer; relative humidity; resolution; temperature profile; troposphere, Delhi; India; Mahabaleshwar; Maharashtra; Mumbai
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2014 04:51
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2014 04:51

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