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Macroscale hydrological modelling approach for study of large scale hydrologic impacts under climate change in Indian river basins

Raje, D and Priya, P and Krishnan, R (2014) Macroscale hydrological modelling approach for study of large scale hydrologic impacts under climate change in Indian river basins. Hydrological Processes, 28 (4). pp. 1874-1889.

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Abstract

In climate-change studies, a macroscale hydrologic model (MHM) operating over large scales can be an important tool in developing consistent hydrological variability estimates over large basins. MHMs, which can operate at coarse grid resolutions of about 1° latitude by longitude, have been used previously to study climate change impacts on the hydrology of continental scale or global river basins. They can provide a connection between global atmospheric models and water resource systems on large spatial scales and long timescales. In this study, the variable infiltration capacity (VIC) MHM is used to study large scale hydrologic impacts of climate change for Indian river basins. Large-scale changes in runoff, evapotranspiration and soil moisture for India, as well as station-scale changes in discharges for three major river basins with distinct climatic and geographic characteristics are examined in this study. Climate model projections for meteorological variables (precipitation, temperature and wind speed) from three general circulation models (GCMs) and three emissions scenarios are used to drive the VIC MHM. GCM projections are first interpolated to a 1° by 1° hydrologic model grid and then bias-corrected using a quantile-quantile mapping. The VIC model is able to reproduce observed statistics for discharges in the Ganga, Narmada and Krishna basins reasonably well, even at the coarse grid resolution employed using a calibration period for years 1965-1970 and testing period from 1971-1973/1974. An increasing trend is projected for summer monsoon surface runoff, evapotranspiration and soil moisture in most central Indian river basins, whereas a decrease in runoff and soil moisture is projected for some regions in southern India, with important differences arising from GCM and scenario variability. Discharge statistics show increases in mid-flow and low flow at Farakka station on Ganga River, increased high flows at Jamtara station upstream of Narmada, and increased high, mid-flow and low flow for Vijayawada station on Krishna River in the future.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Wiley
Uncontrolled Keywords: General circulation model; Geographic characteristics; Global atmospheric models; Hydrological variability; Macro scale; Meteorological variables; River basins; Variable infiltration capacities, Climate models; Evapotranspiration; Hydrology; Runoff; Soil moisture; Watersheds, Climate change, atmospheric modeling; climate change; climate effect; general circulation model; hydrological change; hydrological modeling; hydrological response; river basin; river discharge; timescale, Ganges Basin; India; Krishna Basin; Narmada Basin
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2014 10:21
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2014 10:21
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/919

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