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The linkages of anthropogenic emissions and meteorology in the rapid increase of particulate matter at a foothill city in the Arawali range of India

Yadav, R and Beig, G and Jaaffrey, SNA (2014) The linkages of anthropogenic emissions and meteorology in the rapid increase of particulate matter at a foothill city in the Arawali range of India. Atmospheric Environment, 85. pp. 147-151.

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Abstract

The city of Udaipur (24.58°N, 73.68°E) in the province of Rajasthan in the Western part of India has a special significance as it is surrounded by the Arawali mountain ranges on one side and desert on the other side. It is located around the foothills of the rocky Arawali range. It is on the world map due to its tourist attraction. The changing pattern in particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) during the past three years indicates an alarming increasing trend, posing a threat to its environment & tourism sector which regulates its economy to a period during the monsoon and distribution of particulate matter is found to be governed by the meteorology and changes the trend. The level of PM10, which was already above the threshold level in 2010, further increased in 2012. The trend is found to be rapid during the months of October & November where an increase by 37 is observed in 3 years. The level of PM2.5, which is the most hazardous for respiratory system diseases, has now started to cross the ambient air quality standards set by the World Health Organization. The impact is significant during winter when the inversion layer is down due to colder temperature and foreign tourists are a peak giving rise an increased morbidity rate. The linkages of local weather with an anthropogenically induced trend and long range transport of pollutants have been outlined.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ambient air quality standards; Anthropogenic emissions; Coarse particles; Long range transport; Particulate Matter; PM10; PM2.5; World Health Organization, Air pollution; Maps; Meteorology; Respiratory system, Particles (particulate matter), air quality; ambient air; anthropogenic effect; atmospheric pollution; hill; industrial emission; inversion layer; long range transport; meteorology; morbidity; particulate matter; pollutant transport; respiratory disease; tourist attraction; World Health Organization, air pollutant; air pollution; air quality; ambient air; article; chemical environment; desert; human; India; meteorology; morbidity; particulate matter; priority journal; respiratory system; temperature; tourism; weather; world health organization, Aravalli Range; India; Rajasthan; Udaipur
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2014 11:04
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2014 11:04
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/910

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