Open Access Digital Repository of Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India

Modulation of monsoon intraseasonal oscillations in the recent warming period

Sabeerali, CT and Rao, SA and George, G and Rao, DN and Mahapatra, S and Kulkarni, A and Murtugudde, R (2014) Modulation of monsoon intraseasonal oscillations in the recent warming period. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119 (9). pp. 5185-5203.

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


The Indian Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) during the boreal summer has shown a significant warming of 0.3°C in the recent decade (2001-2010) compared to a former decade (1979-1988), and it is most pronounced in the central tropical Indian Ocean. By using reanalysis and satellite-derived data sets, we investigated how the monsoon intraseasonal oscillation (MISO) over the South Asian summer monsoon (ASM) region has been influenced by the recent warming in the Indian Ocean. It is found that the MISO variance has increased over the ASM region in the recent period compared with the earlier decade. It is also noted that the characteristic northward propagation of the MISO has slowed over 2001-2010, resembling more of a standing oscillation near the equator. Mechanisms implicated in the observed MISO changes are explored by conducting several model sensitivity experiments with an atmospheric general circulation model. The model experiments suggest that the mean SST increase over the Indian Ocean, and the associated changes in the air-sea interaction, the increased mean moisture convergence, and changes in the large-scale circulation are responsible for the changes in the characteristics of the MISO. The influence of the recent Indian Ocean warming on the MISO characteristics must be understood fully since they determine the seasonal amount of rainfall over the Indian subcontinent. An examination of future projections of the MISO using the MPI-ESM-LR model from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 archive also gives consistent result.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Geophysical Union.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atmospheric thermodynamics; Experiments; Tropical engineering, BSISO; Climate variability; Indian ocean; Intraseasonal oscillations; MISO; RCP4.5, Oceanography, climate modeling; general circulation model; monsoon; satellite imagery; sea surface temperature; seasonal variation; weather forecasting, Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean (Tropical)
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2014 10:28
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 10:28

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item