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Numerical study for production of space charge within the stratiform cloud

Srivastava, KA and Tripathi, SN (2010) Numerical study for production of space charge within the stratiform cloud. Journal of Earth System Science, 119 (5). pp. 627-638.

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Abstract

One dimensional numerical model has been developed to predict the production of space charge and variations in other electrical parameters within the low level stratiform type of cloud having very weak vertical motion. Non-linear coupled differential equations which govern ion concentrations, charged and neutral droplet concentrations and electric field were used. Symmetry has been observed in all the electrical parameters within the cloud. The magnitude of average positive ion concentrations was observed to be high as compared to the negative ion concentrations, which is due to low scavenging rate of positive ions than the negative ions, highly attributed to their mobilities. The rate of scavenging of ions affects the concentration of charged droplets, which eventually influence the electric field and thus the space charge density within the cloud. Maximum electric field (Emax) was observed at middle of the cloud whereas minimum was observed at both the edges of the cloud. Minimum electric field (Emin) was found to be equal and constant (~27 Vm-1) for any drop concentration. Net positive and negative space charges were observed at the top and bottom of the cloud, respectively. The simulated results show some discrepancies to the natural condition, which are due to simulations made under some basic assumptions and limitations and that will be incorporated in the future studies for natural cloud condition.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian academy of Science
Uncontrolled Keywords: atmospheric electricity; computer simulation; concentration (composition); electric field; electron density; ionization; nonlinearity; numerical model; parameterization; stratiform cloud; symmetry
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 28 May 2015 11:26
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 11:26
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/776

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