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Zenith scattered light measurement: Observations of BrO and OClO

Meena, GS and Devara, PCS (2011) Zenith scattered light measurement: Observations of BrO and OClO. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 32 (23). pp. 8595-8613.

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Abstract

Stratospheric BrO and OClO observations have been made for the first time over a tropical station, Pune (18° 31′ N, 73° 55′ E) using a Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) technique by measuring zenith sky scattered light spectra in the wavelength range of 346–358 nm by ultraviolet (UV)/visible spectrometer. The Differential Optical Density (DOD) fitting technique is applied for the right selection of a suitable spectral region for the analysis to minimize interference and poorly fitting absorption features, and also to minimize the residual of the fit. Observed DODs of O3, NO2, BrO, OClO, O4, Rayleigh and Ring are well fitted with the calculated DODs and the percentage DODs are found to vary up to 0.5%, 0.8%, 0.15%, 0.13%, 1.5%, 1.2% and 1.3% respectively. Chlorine and bromine species play an important role in the ozone depletion, hence O3, NO2, BrO and OClO Slant Column Densities (SCDs) are derived between 76° and 94° Solar Zenith Angles (SZAs). The SCDs of O3 are found to be decreased in the twilight period (i.e. between 90° and 94° SZA) in the presence of sufficient BrO and OClO. Total Column Densities (TCDs) of O3, NO2, BrO and OClO are derived by UV/visible spectrometry, Brewer spectrometry and satellite-based Scanning Imaging Absorption spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY) for Pune and the higher latitude station Kanpur (26° 28′ N, 80° 24′ E) during the period 1 April–31 June 2008. The day-to-day variations in O3 and NO2 TCDs over Pune are found to be more than over Kanpur. BrO TCDs vary between 1.9 × 1013 and 4 × 1013 molecules cm−2 over Pune, which are derived by UV/visible spectrometry, while they vary for the high-altitude station Kanpur between 0.5 × 1013 and 3.5 × 1013 molecules cm−2 derived by SCIAMACHY. The OClO TCDs are found to have an increasing trend with variations between 2 × 1013 and 4.5 × 1013 molecules cm−2 during the above period.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atmospheric cartography; Differential optical absorption spectroscopy; Fitting techniques; High altitude; Higher latitudes; Ozone depletion; Rayleigh; Scanning imaging absorption spectrometer; Scattered light; Slant column densities; Solar zenith angle; Spectral region; Total column density; Tropical stations; Ultra-violet; Wavelength ranges, Bromine; Chlorine; Feature extraction; Light scattering; Mapping; Maps; Molecules; Nitrogen compounds; Nitrogen oxides; Ozone; Ozone layer; Spectrometry, Spectrometers, absorption; alkaline water; atomic absorption spectroscopy; bromine; light scattering; measurement method; observational method; perchlorate; SCIAMACHY; spectrometer; stratosphere; trend analysis; ultraviolet radiation; zenith angle, India; Maharashtra; Pune
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2014 09:39
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2014 09:39
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/693

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