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Role of intra-seasonal oscillations in modulating Indian summer monsoon rainfall

Kulkarni, A and Kripalani, R and Sabade, S and Rajeevan, M (2011) Role of intra-seasonal oscillations in modulating Indian summer monsoon rainfall. Climate Dynamics, 36 (5-6). pp. 1005-1021.

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The day-to-day behavior of Indian summer monsoon rainfall (IMR) is associated with a hierarchy of quasi-periods, namely 3-7, 10-20 and the 30-60 days. These two periods, the 10-20 days and the 30-60 days have been related with the active and break cycles of the monsoon rainfall over the Indian sub-continent. The seasonal strength of Indian summer monsoon rainfall may depend on the frequency and duration of spells of break and active periods associated with the fluctuations of the above intra-seasonal oscillations (ISOs). Thus the predictability of the seasonal (June through September) mean Indian monsoon depends on the extent to which the intra-seasonal oscillations could be predicted. The primary objective of this study is to bring out the dynamic circulation features during the pre-monsoon/monsoon season associated with the extreme phases of these oscillations The intense (weak) phase of the 10-20 (30-60) days oscillation is associated with anti-cyclonic circulation over the Indian Ocean, easterly flow over the equatorial Pacific Ocean resembling the normal or cold phase (La Nina) of El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, and weakening of the north Pacific Sub-tropical High. On the other hand the weak phase of 10-20 days mode and the intense phase of 30-60 days mode shows remarkable opposite flow patterns. The circulation features during pre-monsoon months show that there is a tendency for the flow patterns observed in pre-monsoon months to persist during the monsoon months. Hence some indications of the behavior of these modes during the monsoon season could be foreshadowed from the spring season patterns. The relationship between the intensity of these modes and some of the long-range forecasting parameters used operationally by the India Meteorological Department has also been examined.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Uncontrolled Keywords: climate oscillation; long range forecast; monsoon; rainfall; regional climate; summer, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2014 05:20
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2014 05:20

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