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Electrodynamical coupling of earth's atmosphere and ionosphere: An overview

Singh, AK and Siingh, D and Singh, RP and Mishra, S (2011) Electrodynamical coupling of earth's atmosphere and ionosphere: An overview. International Journal of Geophysics, 2011.

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Electrical processes occurring in the atmosphere couple the atmosphere and ionosphere, because both DC and AC effects operate at the speed of light. The electrostatic and electromagnetic field changes in global electric circuit arise from thunderstorm, lightning discharges, and optical emissions in the mesosphere. The precipitation of magnetospheric electrons affects higher latitudes. The radioactive elements emitted during the earthquakes affect electron density and conductivity in the lower atmosphere. In the present paper, we have briefly reviewed our present understanding of how these events play a key role in energy transfer from the lower atmosphere to the ionosphere, which ultimately results in the Earth's atmosphere-ionosphere coupling.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2011 A. K. Singh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2014 11:07
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2014 11:07

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