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Modoki, Indian Ocean Dipole, and western North Pacific typhoons: Possible implications for extreme events

Pradhan, PK and Preethi, B and Ashok, K and Krishnan, R and Sahai, AK (2011) Modoki, Indian Ocean Dipole, and western North Pacific typhoons: Possible implications for extreme events. Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, 116 (18).

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An interesting feature during El Nio Modoki summers (June-August) is the occurrence of surplus rainfall anomalies over the South China Sea (SCS) and off-equatorial tropical Northwest Pacific. Based on analyses of observed and reanalyzed data, it is noted that anomalous warming in central tropical Pacific during an El Nio Modoki induces a quasi-stationary Rossby wave response in the form of a low-level cyclonic flow over the northern SCS. This anomalous response favors rainfall enhancement over the SCS and also promotes the seasonal typhoon activity. We find that this scenario over SCS and sub-tropical NW Pacific is further amplified when an El Nio Modoki co-occurs with a positive Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) as in 1994. The combination is apparently more conducive for extreme convection events over the region as compared to a pure El Nio Modoki case. The respective impacts of positive IOD and El Nio, on the other hand, are opposite to one another. The modulation of the typhoon activity by IOD events, however, is prominent only since late 1970s.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Geophysical Union.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anomalous response; Extreme events; Indian Ocean dipole; Indian ocean dipoles; Quasi-stationary; Rainfall anomaly; Rossby wave response; South China Sea; Typhoon activity; Western North Pacific, Hurricanes; Ocean currents; Tropics, Rain, convection; El Nino; extreme event; rainfall; Rossby wave; typhoon, Pacific Ocean; Pacific Ocean (Northwest); Pacific Ocean (Tropical); South China Sea
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2014 09:53
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2014 09:53

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