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A numerical study of coastal inundation and its validation for Thane cyclone in the Bay of Bengal

Bhaskaran, PK and Gayathri, R and Murty, PLN and Bonthu, S and Sen, D (2014) A numerical study of coastal inundation and its validation for Thane cyclone in the Bay of Bengal. Coastal Engineering, 83. pp. 108-118.

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Abstract

The numerical modeling of coastal inundation from severe cyclones is a challenging area for coastal hazard mapping, emergency planning and evacuation measures. There is a need for realistic estimate of onshore coastal inundation by the operational weather centers for precise warnings to minimize loss of life and property. At present, there is no modeling effort to evaluate the extent of coastal inundation for any coastal state in India. The operational center disseminates information only on peak surge and its location just before cyclone landfall, with no prior information about onshore inundation. To bridge this gap, the present study applies the state-of-art ADCIRC hydrodynamic model to evaluate peak surge and onshore inundation along coastal Tamil Nadu for the December 2011 Thane cyclone event. Post-storm analysis and field reconnaissance survey report from IMD and ICMAM were available for the Thane cyclone to skill assess model computation. The model that computed peak surge and onshore inundation is in good concurrence with field measurements. The study signifies that near-shore beach slope has a direct bearing on onshore inundation, and its importance in numerical modeling is highlighted. This study being first of its kind for Indian coast, emphasized that coastal inundation modeling should form an integral part in a storm surge prediction system for operational needs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Emergency planning; Field measurement; Hydrodynamic model; Inundation; Inundation modeling; Prediction systems; Reconnaissance surveys; Storm surges, Numerical models; Storms, Floods, coastal engineering; cyclone; hazard assessment; hydrodynamics; numerical model; storm surge, Bay of Bengal; India; Indian Ocean; Tamil Nadu
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Oceanography > oceanography
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2014 07:25
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2014 07:25
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/624

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