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An overview of CAWSES-India program with emphasis to equatorial atmospheric coupling processes

Rao, PB and Beig, G and Dabas, RS and Ramkumar, G and Gurubaran, S and Rao, KG and Manoharan, PK and Patra, AK and Ravindran, S and Pant, TK and Venkat Ratnam, M and Chakravarty, SC and Sridharan, R (2012) An overview of CAWSES-India program with emphasis to equatorial atmospheric coupling processes. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 75-76. pp. 98-114.

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Abstract

This paper presents an overview of CAWSES-India program, highlighting some of the Indian coordinated efforts to understand the Sun-Earth system as a whole, with special emphasis to the equatorial and low latitude phenomena. Two multi-institutional, multi-instrument campaigns, one under 'Space Weather: Science and Applications' and the other emphasizing tides under 'Atmospheric Coupling Processes' were conducted during February-April 2006. The highlights of the campaigns include improved prediction of equatorial spread-F (ESF) based on a 'new factor' combining the strength and asymmetry of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA); simultaneous detection of quasi-2-day wave at both E and F region heights; tomographic image showing a Traveling Ionospheric Disturbance (TID) in association with a counter electrojet (CEJ) event-all highlighting the neutral and electrodynamical coupling of the equatorial ionosphere-thermosphere regions; an unusual lowering of mesospheric temperature during a moderate geomagnetic storm-highlighting a new space weather effect; diurnal tide showing a peak amplitude of 35. m/s at 45. km in zonal wind and a significantly lower amplitude (~15. m/s) in the meridional wind and also evidence of convective activity in the lower atmosphere influencing the tidal variability in the Mesosphere-Lower Thermosphere (MLT) region highlighting the vertical coupling of the atmospheric regions. The development of models for equatorial and low latitude ionosphere has been among the prime activities taken up under 'Space Climate'. Two models have been developed towards this end: one based on Second Degree (SD) relationships of F region parameters to the mean sun spot number and the other a Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) based model involving expressions relating F region parameters to that representing solar and geomagnetic activities. The two models, intended for long and short term predictions, have been found to represent the equatorial and low latitude ionosphere over Indian longitudes better than the commonly used International Reference Ionosphere (IRI). Under the theme of 'Solar Influence on Atmospheric Climate', a study has been made on the effects of solar variability on middle atmosphere using satellite data and model simulations, highlighting the significant differences between them.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atmospheric climate; Atmospheric coupling; CAWSES; Convective activity; Diurnal tides; Equatorial ionization anomaly; Equatorial spread F; Geomagnetic activities; International reference ionospheres; Low latitudes; Lower atmosphere; Meridional winds; Mesosphere; Mesosphere-lower thermospheres; Mesospheric temperature; Middle atmosphere; Model simulation; Multiple regression analysis; Peak amplitude; Satellite data; Short term prediction; Simultaneous detection; Solar influence; Solar variability; Space weather; Space weather effect; Stratosphere-troposphere; Thermosphere; Tomographic images; Traveling ionospheric disturbances; Vertical coupling; Zonal wind, Atmospherics; Computer simulation; Diffusers (optical); F region; Geomagnetism; Ionosphere; Ionospheric measurement; Magnetosphere; Regression analysis; Solar wind, Climate models
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2013 06:29
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2013 06:29
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/528

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