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Possible role of warm SST bias in the simulation of boreal summer monsoon in SINTEX-F2 coupled model

Joseph, S and Sahai, AK and Goswami, BN and Terray, P and Masson, S and Luo, JJ (2012) Possible role of warm SST bias in the simulation of boreal summer monsoon in SINTEX-F2 coupled model. Climate Dynamics, 38 (7-8). pp. 1561-1576.

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Abstract

Reasonably realistic climatology of atmospheric and oceanic parameters over the Asian monsoon region is a pre-requisite for models used for monsoon studies. The biases in representing these features lead to problems in representing the strength and variability of Indian summer monsoon (ISM). This study attempts to unravel the ability of a state-of-the-art coupled model, SINTEX-F2, in simulating these characteristics of ISM. The coupled model reproduces the precipitation and circulation climatology reasonably well. However, the mean ISM is weaker than observed, as evident from various monsoon indices. A wavenumber-frequency spectrum analysis reveals that the model intraseasonal oscillations are also weaker-than-observed. One possible reason for the weaker-than-observed ISM arises from the warm bias, over the tropical oceans, especially over the equatorial western Indian Ocean, inherent in the model. This warm bias is not only confined to the surface layers, but also extends through most of the troposphere. As a result of this warm bias, the coupled model has too weak meridional tropospheric temperature gradient to drive a realistic monsoon circulation. This in turn leads to a weakening of the moisture gradient as well as the vertical shear of easterlies required for sustained northward propagation of rain band, resulting in weak monsoon circulation. It is also noted that the recently documented interaction between the interannual and intraseasonal variabilities of ISM through very long breaks (VLBs) is poor in the model. This seems to be related to the inability of the model in simulating the eastward propagating Madden-Julian oscillation during VLBs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Uncontrolled Keywords: annual variation; atmospheric circulation; Madden-Julian oscillation; monsoon; precipitation (climatology); sea surface temperature; summer; temperature gradient; troposphere, Indian Ocean
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2013 07:16
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2013 07:16
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/511

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