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Variability of agro climatic regime over homogeneous monsoon regions of India - El Nino and La Nina events

Rao, KK and Kumar, TVL and Rao, VL (2012) Variability of agro climatic regime over homogeneous monsoon regions of India - El Nino and La Nina events. Global and Planetary Change, 92-93. pp. 48-57.

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The global short term climate signal from the Equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature pattern in conjunction with the Southern oscillation of sea level pressure plays a crucial role in governing the global weather systems by modulating and altering the yearly climate scenario across the globe. The analysis of Normalized Difference in Vegetation Index (NDVI) fields of the five homogeneous regions of India with the index of moisture adequacy and Multivariate ENSO Index yielded the phenological metrics such as senescence in terms of greenness up and down along with the lag between maximum NDVI and index of moisture adequacy for normal (1982-2000), El Niño (1997) and La Niña (1998) years respectively. A threshold value of 60 soil moisture adequacy is considered for sustainable crop or vegetation growth in obtaining the phenological metrics for the regions under consideration. The north east, peninsular India along with west central India experienced an increase in the number of humid days both in the El Niño and La Niña years compared to normal. The annual figures of All India rice yields are increasing linearly and the trend was significant but no trend is noticed in moisture adequacy. An agro climatic model is developed for the estimation of All India rice yield and is of help in designing the agro meteorological advisories.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Central India; Climate scenarios; Climate signals; Climatic models; Climatic regimes; ENSO indices; Equatorial Pacific; Homogeneous regions; Index of soil moisture adequacy; NDVI; Normalized differences; Phenological metrics; Rice yield; Sea level pressure; Sea surface temperature (SST); Short term; Southern oscillation; Vegetation growth; Vegetation index; Weather systems, Atmospheric pressure; Phenols; Sea level; Soil moisture, Nickel compounds, air-sea interaction; crop yield; El Nino; homogeneity; humid environment; La Nina; linearity; monsoon; NDVI; phenology; rice; sea level pressure; sea surface temperature; soil moisture, India; Pacific Ocean; Pacific Ocean (Equatorial)
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2014 07:32
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2014 07:32

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