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Physical biochemical and functional characterization of haemoglobin from three strains of Artemia

Sugumar, V and Munuswamy, N (2007) Physical biochemical and functional characterization of haemoglobin from three strains of Artemia. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 146. pp. 291-298.

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The brine shrimp, Artemia, an inhabitant of coastal and inland salterns, encounter fluctuations in the salinity which in turn influences the oxygen availability of their habitat. Hence, experiments were performed to analyze variations in haemoglobin structure and patterns of three strains of Artemia from South India and also to reflect the effect of varying oxygen levels in their habitat. Haemoglobins were purified on a DEAE–Sephadex column and haemoglobin types were analyzed by comparing their relative mobility on a non-denaturing medium. Furthermore, their molecular masses were determined by gel filtration in Sepharose column and by dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Results clearly reveal the presence of three distinct extracellular haemoglobins Hb I, Hb II and Hb III in Tuticorin strain while the other strains displayed only trails or the complete absence of Hb III and Hb II. Estimated molecular masses of these haemoglobins are 235,000–250,000 Da. Denaturation of the reduced and alkylated haemoglobins revealed apparently one polypeptide chain with a molecular mass of 124,000 Da. Upon denaturing gel electrophoresis of native haemoglobin Hb II, it was found that the 124,000 Da, polypeptide was cleaved specifically into two unequally-sized fragments of 50,400 and 79,800 Da. With regard to oxygen affinity, Hb III has a very high affinity for oxygen, an almost negligible Bohr effect and a good physiological adaptation to temperature changes. By combining the three haemoglobins in different proportions Artemia strains must be able to withstand diverging environmental conditions. In particular, the absence of Hb III in Puthalam and its occurrence as a faint band in Thamaraikulam could be correlated to the oxygen levels of their habitats.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright belongs to Elsevier Science
Uncontrolled Keywords: Artemia; Electrophoresis; Gel filtration; Haemoglobin; Oxygen affinity; South India
Subjects: Oceanography > marine biology
Divisions: Annamalai Univ - Marine Biology
Depositing User: CASMB
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2010 04:28
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2010 04:28

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