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Low CO2 evasion rate from the mangrove-surrounding waters of the Sundarbans

Akhand, A. and Chanda, A. and Watanabe, K. and Das, S. and Tokoro, T. and Chakraborty, K. and Hazra, S. and Kuwae, T. (2021) Low CO2 evasion rate from the mangrove-surrounding waters of the Sundarbans. Biogeochemistry.

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Abstract

Globally, water bodies adjacent to mangroves are considered significant sources of atmospheric CO2. We directly measured the partial pressure of CO2 in water pCO2(water) and related biogeochemical parameters with high temporal resolution, covering both diel and tidal cycles, in the mangrove-surrounding waters around the northern Bay of Bengal during the post-monsoon season. Mean pCO2(water) was marginally oversaturated in two creeks (470 ± 162 µatm, mean ± SD) and undersaturated in the adjoining estuarine stations (387 ± 58 µatm) compared to atmospheric pCO2, and was considerably lower than the global average. We further estimated the pCO2(water) and buffering capacity of all possible sources of the mangrove-surrounding waters and concluded that their character as a CO2 sink or weak source is due to the predominance of marine water from the Bay of Bengal with low pCO2 and high buffering capacity. Marine water with high buffering capacity suppresses the effect of pCO2 increase within the mangrove system and lowers the CO2 evasion even in creek stations. The δ13C of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in the mangrove-surrounding waters indicated that the DIC sources were a mixture of mangrove plants, pore-water, and groundwater, in addition to marine water. Finally, we showed that the CO2 evasion rate from the estuaries of the Sundarbans is much lower than the recently estimated world average. Our results demonstrate that mangrove areas having such low emissions should be considered when up-scaling the global mangrove carbon budget from regional observations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lateral carbon fluxAir–water CO2 fluxMangroveSeagrassCoral
Subjects: Oceanography > oceanography
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2021 06:37
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2021 06:37
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/4672

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