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Seasonal variation of urban heat island and its impact on air-quality using SAFAR observations at Delhi, India

Aslam, MY and Krishna, KR and Beig, G and Tinmaker, MIR and Chate, DM (2017) Seasonal variation of urban heat island and its impact on air-quality using SAFAR observations at Delhi, India. American Journal of Climate Change, 6 (2). pp. 294-305.

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Abstract

This paper discussed the urban heat island (UHI) intensity and local air quality by using observational data of project of the System of Air Quality Forecasting and Research (SAFAR) over Delhi during the month of May and December 2013. It is found that UHI magnitudes ~2.2°C and ~1.5°C are formed at the evening traffic hours during May and December respectively. Also, intensity of UHI < 0°C over daytime is referred as Urban Cool Island (UCI) during May and December. The diurnal PM2.5 concentration shows a bimodal pattern with peaks at morning and evening traffic hours during May and December. The planetary boundary layer height (PBLH) values show higher in magnitude during the daytime and lower in magnitude during the night-time. Whereas, the Ground Heat Flux values are lower during the daytime and higher during the night-time. The wind speed shows lower values during the UHI and higher magnitudes during the UCI formation hours. Concentration of PM2.5 and wind speed shows a strong negative correlation during May (r = -0.56, p = 0.002) and December (r = -0.57, p = 0.001) at C V Raman (CVR) site, however, high values in the concentration of PM2.5 during the low wind speed favour the condition for the formation of UCI. The regression analysis indicated that PM2.5 plays a significant role in the daytime cooling and nighttime warming over the urban areas during the low wind speed condition.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright belongs to authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License
Uncontrolled Keywords: Urban Heat Island;Ground Heat Flux;Wind Speed;Air Pollution
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2017 10:28
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 10:28
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/4422

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