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On the variability and increasing trends of heat waves over India

Rohini, P and Rajeevan, M and Srivastava, AK (2016) On the variability and increasing trends of heat waves over India. Scientific Reports, 6:2615. pp. 1-9.

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Abstract

Over India, heat waves occur during the summer months of April to June. A gridded daily temperature data set for the period, 1961–2013 has been analyzed to examine the variability and trends in heat waves over India. For identifying heat waves, the Excess Heat Factor (EHF) and 90th percentile of maximum temperatures were used. Over central and northwestern parts of the country, frequency, total duration and maximum duration of heat waves are increasing. Anomalous persistent high with anti-cyclonic flow, supplemented with clear skies and depleted soil moisture are primarily responsible for the occurrence of heat waves over India. Variability of heat waves over India is influenced by both the tropical Indian Ocean and central Pacific SST anomalies. The warming of the tropical Indian Ocean and more frequent El Nino events in future may further lead to more frequent and longer lasting heat waves over India.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Macmillan Publishers Limited
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2016 14:07
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2016 14:07
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/4374

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