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On the relationship between sea surface temperatures, circulation parameters and temperatures over west coast of India

Revadekar, JV and Varikoden, H and Murumkar, PK and Ahmed, SA (2016) On the relationship between sea surface temperatures, circulation parameters and temperatures over west coast of India. Science of the Total Environment, 551-55. pp. 175-185.

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Abstract

The oceans and the atmosphere are tightly linked and they together form the most dynamic component of the climate system. Topography and proximity to the surrounding seas of the region determine the temperature of the area. West Coast (WC) of India is a high elevated region surrounded by large oceanic area, therefore, an attempt is made in this study to examine the trends and variability in temperature over WC in relation to oceanic phenomena. Temperature over the WC shows considerable year-to-year variation with anomalous cool years in recent warm epoch. Therefore, sea surface temperature (SST) and associated winds have been analyzed to understand possible mechanism behind the variation in temperatures over the WC. During the winter, north-easterlies prevail over the WC which blows from land to ocean. Variations in SSTs alter the strength of these winds to cause anomalies in temperature over the WC. Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) appears to have a dominant role in climate of the WC, whereas SSTs over the equatorial Pacific do not show any impact on temperatures over the WC. Study indicates that the strengthening of north-easterlies due to negative phase of Indian Ocean Dipole causes cooling over the WC of India.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier
Uncontrolled Keywords: West coast of India; Sea surface temperatures; Indian Ocean Dipole
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2016 14:01
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2016 14:01
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/4372

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