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Impact of ENSO on variability of AIRS retrieved CO2 over India

Ravi Kumar, K and Tiwari, YK and Revadekar, JV and Vellore, R and Guha, T (2016) Impact of ENSO on variability of AIRS retrieved CO2 over India. Atmospheric Environment, 142. pp. 83-92.

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This study investigates the impact of ENSO on the CO2 variability over the Indian subcontinent for the period 2003–2011 based on the relationships between NINO indices derived from the sea surface temperature (SST) and AIRS-retrieved mid-tropospheric CO2 concentrations. The NINO4 region exhibits positive influence on the variability of CO2 almost during the entire year except for the post-monsoon/winter months (October through December; OND). Significant positive relationship (correlation coefficient r = +0.68) between NINO4 index and CO2 levels is observed for the month of June, while negative relationship (r = −0.73) for the month of October, and the negative relationship tends to continue till November with decreasing magnitudes (r = −0.41). The spatial distribution of mid-tropospheric CO2 concentrations during El Niño and La Niña periods also indicate large-scale impact over the Indian subcontinent with positive (negative) anomalies of about 1–2 ppm during El Niño (La Niña).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2017 09:22
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2017 09:22

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