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Unidentified heavy rainfall station ‘Tamhini’ in the northern region of Western Ghats of India

Kothawale, DR and Deshpande, NR and Narkhedkar, SG and Kulkarni, JR (2017) Unidentified heavy rainfall station ‘Tamhini’ in the northern region of Western Ghats of India. International Journal of Climatology, 37 (3). pp. 1416-1431.

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Tamhini, a station located in the leeward side of northern parts of Western Ghats (WG) of India, receives a mean-monsoon rainfall of 6498.4 mm. The station has no record of any meteorological agencies in India. Therefore, the existence of such heavy rainfall (HR) station remained unknown. In this study, many special features of Tamhini rainfall have been discovered hitherto unknown to monsoon meteorologists. Statistical analysis of daily rainfall data of monsoon season (June–September) of Tamhini for the period 1975–2013 has been carried out. The analysis showed that in spite of lying on the leeward side of main WG, Tamhini's monsoon rainfall is more than that of stations lying on the windward side of the WG. This is in contrast to widely accepted view that rainfall is lower on the leeward side of mountains. Tamhini rainfall ranks number one in the north Peninsula and fifth in India. It is more compared to Cherrapunji monsoon rainfall (second highest rainfall-receiving station in India) in 8 non-El Nino years. It has the highest 1-day (695 mm) and 3-day (1055 mm) rainfalls in the Peninsular WG region. There are many extended HR spells during the season with a mean duration of 10 days. Other stations in the same area viz. Mulshi-camp, Shirgaon, Davdi and Ambawane also receive high monsoon season rainfalls. Area-mean rainfall of the region has been studied to understand the frequency distribution of HR spells. Such spells are of concern as total accumulated water during these spells is conducive for occurrence of floods. No significant trends in Tamhini and area-mean seasonal and HRs are observed. The discovery of this station has shown the occurrence of high rainfall on the leeward side, which is a unique feature in the orographic rainfall distribution in the world.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Meteorological Society
Uncontrolled Keywords: heavy rainfall; extremely heavy rainfall; wet period; rainfall trend analysis; study region; leeward side rainfall
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2017 11:21
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 11:21

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