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A Coupled Numerical and Artificial Neural Network Model for Improving Location Specific Wave Forecast

Londhe, SN and Shah, S and Dixit, PR and Balakrishnan Nair, TM and Sirisha, P and Jain, R (2016) A Coupled Numerical and Artificial Neural Network Model for Improving Location Specific Wave Forecast. Applied Ocean Research, 59. pp. 483-491.

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As more than a quarter of India’s population resides along the coastlines, it is of utmost importance to predict the significant wave height as accurately as possible to cater the needs of safe and secure life. Presently Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) provides wave height forecasts on regional as well as local level ranging from 3 hours to 7 days ahead using numerical models. It is evident from numerical model forecasts at specific locations that the significant wave heights are not predicted very accurately. The obvious reason behind this is the ‘wind’ used in these models as a forcing function is itself forecasted wind (ECMWF wind (European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasting)) and hence many times the forecasts, differ very largely from the actual observations. These models work on larger grid size making it as major impediment in employing them particularly for location specific forecasts even though they work reasonably well for regional level. Present work aims in reducing the error in numerical wave forecast made by INCOIS at four stations along Indian coastline. For this ‘error’ between forecasted and observed wave height at current and previous time steps was used as input to predict the error 24 hr ahead in advance using ANN since it has been effectively used for wave forecasting (univariate time series forecasting in general) since last two decades or so. This predicted error was then added or subtracted from numerical wave forecast to improve the prediction accuracy. It is observed that numerical model forecast improved considerably when the predicted error was added or subtracted from it. This hybrid approach will add to the usefulness of the wave forecasts given by INCOIS to its stake holders. The performance of improved wave heights is judged by correlation coefficient and other error measures like RMSE, MAE and CE.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wave forecasting; Numerical model’s wave forecasts; Artificial neural network (ANN); Indian national centre for ocean information services (INCOIS)
Subjects: Oceanography > oceanography
Oceanography > ocean wave studies
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2017 05:18
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2017 05:18

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