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Rethinking Indian monsoon rainfall prediction in the context of recent global warming

Wang, B and Xiang, B and Li, J and Webster, PJ and Rajeevan, M and Liu, J and Ha, KJ (2015) Rethinking Indian monsoon rainfall prediction in the context of recent global warming. Nature Communications, 6:7154. pp. 1-8.

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Prediction of Indian summer monsoon rainfall (ISMR) is at the heart of tropical climate prediction. Despite enormous progress having been made in predicting ISMR since 1886, the operational forecasts during recent decades (1989–2012) have little skill. Here we show, with both dynamical and physical–empirical models, that this recent failure is largely due to the models’ inability to capture new predictability sources emerging during recent global warming, that is, the development of the central-Pacific El Nino-Southern Oscillation (CP–ENSO), the rapid deepening of the Asian Low and the strengthening of North and South Pacific Highs during boreal spring. A physical–empirical model that captures these new predictors can produce an independent forecast skill of 0.51 for 1989–2012 and a 92-year retrospective forecast skill of 0.64 for 1921–2012. The recent low skills of the dynamical models are attributed to deficiencies in capturing the developing CP–ENSO and anomalous Asian Low. The results reveal a considerable gap between ISMR prediction skill and predictability.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The copyright for the article been distributed under a Creative Commons CC-BY license
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2016 14:08
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2016 14:08

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