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Sources and elemental composition of summer aerosols in the Larsemann Hills (Antarctica)

Budhavant, K and Safai, PD and Rao, PSP (2015) Sources and elemental composition of summer aerosols in the Larsemann Hills (Antarctica). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22 (3). pp. 2041-2050.

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Atmospheric aerosols play a major role in the global climate change. A better physical characterization of the chemical composition of atmospheric aerosols, especially in remote atmosphere, is an important step to reduce the current uncertainty in their effect on the radiative forcing of the climate. In the present work, surface aerosols have been studied over the Southern Ocean and over Bharati, Indian Research Station at Larsemann Hills at the Antarctic coast during the summer season of 2009–2010. Aerosol samples were collected using optical particle counter (OPC) and high-volume air sampler. PM10 and PM2.5 aerosol samples were analyzed for various water-soluble and acid-soluble ionic constituents. The Hysplit model was used to compute the history of the air masses for their possible origin. Supplementary measurements of meteorological parameters were also used. The average mass concentration for PM10 over the Southern Ocean was found to be 13.4 μg m3. Over coastal Antarctica, the mass of PM10 was 5.13 μg m−3, whereas that of PM2.5 was 4.3 μg m−3. Contribution of marine components, i.e., Na, Cl and Mg was dominant over the Southern Ocean (79 %) than over the coastal Antarctica where they were dominant in coarse mode (67 %) than in fine mode (53 %) aerosols. The NH4/nss-SO4 ratio of 1.12 in PM2.5 indicates that the NH4 and SO4 ions were in the form of NH4HSO4. Computation of enrichment factors indicate that elements of anthropogenic origin, e.g., Zn, Cu, Pb, etc., were highly enriched with respect to crustal composition.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer International Publishing.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antarctic aerosols; PM10 and PM2.5; Chemical composition; Long-range transport; Non-sea-salt sulfate
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2017 09:12
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2017 09:12

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