Open Access Digital Repository of Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India

Radiocarbon-based source apportionment of elemental carbon aerosols at two South Asian receptor observatories over a full annual cycle

Budhavant, K and Andersson, A and Bosch, C and Krusa, M and Kirillova, EN and Sheesley, RJ and Safai, PD and Rao, PSP and Gustafsson, O (2015) Radiocarbon-based source apportionment of elemental carbon aerosols at two South Asian receptor observatories over a full annual cycle. Environmental Research Letters, 10 (6). pp. 1-8.

[img] PDF
Radiocarbon-based source.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Black carbon (BC) aerosols impact climate and air quality. Since BC from fossil versus biomass combustion have different optical properties and different abilities to penetrate the lungs, it is important to better understand their relative contributions in strongly affected regions such as South Asia. This study reports the first year-round 14C-based source apportionment of elemental carbon (EC), the mass-based correspondent to BC, using as regional receptor sites the international Maldives Climate Observatory in Hanimaadhoo (MCOH) and the mountaintop observatory of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology in Sinhagad, India (SINH). For the highly-polluted winter season (December–March), the fractional contribution to EC from biomass burning (fbio) was 53 ± 5% (n = 6) at MCOH and 56 ± 3% at SINH (n = 5). The fbio for the non-winter remainder was 53 ± 11% (n = 6) at MCOH and 48 ± 8% (n = 7) at SINH. This observation-based constraint on near-equal contributions from biomass burning and fossil fuel combustion at both sites compare with predictions from eight technology-based emission inventory (EI) models for India of (fbio)EI spanning 55–88%, suggesting that most current EI for Indian BC systematically under predict the relative contribution of fossil fuel combustion. A continued iterative testing of bottom-up EI with top-down observational source constraints has the potential to lead to reduced uncertainties regarding EC sources and emissions to the benefit of both models of climate and air quality as well as guide efficient policies to mitigate emissions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to IOP Publishing. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence.
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2017 09:10
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2017 09:10
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/4090

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item