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Aerosol characteristics at a rural station in southern peninsular India during CAIPEEX-IGOC: physical and chemical properties

Bisht, DS and Srivastava, AK and Pipal, AS and Srivastava, MK and Pandey, AK and Tiwari, S and Pandithurai, G (2015) Aerosol characteristics at a rural station in southern peninsular India during CAIPEEX-IGOC: physical and chemical properties. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22 (7). pp. 5293-5304.

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To understand the boundary layer characteristics and pathways of aerosol–cloud interaction, an Integrated Ground Observational Campaign, concurrent with Cloud Aerosol Interaction and Precipitation Enhancement Experiment, was conducted by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, under Ministry of Earth Sciences at Mahabubnagar (a rural environment, which is ~100 km away from an urban city Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh), during the period of July–November 2011. Collected samples of PM2.5 and PM10 were analyzed for water-soluble ionic species along with organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC). During study period, the average mass concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 were about 50(±10) and 69(±14) μg m−3, respectively, which are significantly higher than the prescribed Indian National Ambient Air Quality Standards values. The chemical species such as sum of anions and cations from measured chemical constituents were contributed to be 31.27 and 38.49 % in PM2.5 and 6.35 and 5.65 % to the PM10, whereas carbonaceous species contributed ~17.3 and 20.47 % for OC and ~3.0 and 3.10 % for EC, respectively. The average ratio of PM2.5/PM10 during study period was ~0.73(±0.2), indicating that the dominance of fine size particles. Carbonaceous analysis results showed that the average concentration of OC was 14 and 8.7 μg m−3, while EC was 2.1 and 1.5 μg m−3 for PM10 and PM2.5, respectively. The ratios between OC and EC were estimated, which were 6.6 and 5.7 for PM10 and PM2.5, suggesting the presence of secondary organic aerosol. Total carbonaceous aerosol accounts 23 % of PM10 in which the contribution of OC is 20 % and EC is 3 %, while 20 % of PM2.5 mass in which the contribution of OC is 17 % and EC is 3 %. Out of the total aerosols mass, water-soluble constituents contributed an average of 45 % in PM10 and 38 % in PM2.5 including about 39 % anions and 6 % cations in PM10, while 31 % anions and 7 % cations in PM2.5 aerosol mass collectively at study site.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer International Publishing
Uncontrolled Keywords: PM; Carbonaceous species; Water-soluble ionic species; OC/EC ratio
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2017 08:52
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2017 08:52

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