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Assessment of the Reliability of the Indian Tsunami Early Warning System

Srinivasa Kumar, T and Venkatesan, R and Vedachalam, N and Padmanabham, J and Sundar, R (2016) Assessment of the Reliability of the Indian Tsunami Early Warning System. Marine Technology Society Journal, 50 (3). pp. 92-108.

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This paper analyses the reliability of the Indian Tsunami Early Warning System (ITEWS), comprising a 24 × 7 manned and automated center capable of monitoring the seismic, open sea water level and coastal tide levels and disseminating tsunami bulletins with the aid of proven prerun scenario models during a tsunamigenic earthquake. Since its inception in 2007, the ITEWS has undergone technological maturity with reliability as the prime objective. The system is expected to be in operation throughout the year and alerting the entire Indian Ocean rim countries in the event of a tsunami. Based on International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61508 standards and field failure data, quantitative reliability modeling is done for the subsystems, and it is found that the seismic network, tsunami buoy network, and distress information dissemination systems conform to Safety Integrity Level SIL4, while tide gauge stations conform to SIL4 with a maintenance interval of 45 days. In case of the tsunami buoy network, the failure of one tsunami buoy degrades the network to SIL3 and needs to be restored within 8 months. The study provides confidence on ITEWS’s reliable support to tsunami early warning.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Marine Technology Society
Uncontrolled Keywords: tsunami, early warning, reliability
Subjects: Oceanography > oceanography
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2016 05:39
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2016 05:39

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