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New statistical models for long-range forecasting of southwest monsoon rainfall over India

Rajeevan, M and Pai, DS and Anil Kumar, R and Lal, B (2007) New statistical models for long-range forecasting of southwest monsoon rainfall over India. Climate Dynamics, 28 (7-8). pp. 813-828.

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The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has been issuing long-range forecasts (LRF) based on statistical methods for the southwest monsoon rainfall over India (ISMR) for more than 100 years. Many statistical and dynamical models including the operational models of IMD failed to predict the recent deficient monsoon years of 2002 and 2004. In this paper, we report the improved results of new experimental statistical models developed for LRF of southwest monsoon seasonal (June-September) rainfall. These models were developed to facilitate the IMD's present two-stage operational forecast strategy. Models based on the ensemble multiple linear regression (EMR) and projection pursuit regression (PPR) techniques were developed to forecast the ISMR. These models used new methods of predictor selection and model development. After carrying out a detailed analysis of various global climate data sets; two predictor sets, each consisting of six predictors were selected. Our model performance was evaluated for the period from 1981 to 2004 by sliding the model training period with a window length of 23 years. The new models showed better performance in their hindcast, compared to the model based on climatology. The Heidke scores for the three category forecasts during the verification period by the first stage models based on EMR and PPR methods were 0.5 and 0.44, respectively, and those of June models were 0.63 and 0.38, respectively. Root mean square error of these models during the verification period (1981-2004) varied between 4.56 and 6.75 from long period average (LPA) as against 10.0 from the LPA of the model based on climatology alone. These models were able to provide correct forecasts of the recent two deficient monsoon rainfall events (2002 and 2004). The experimental forecasts for the 2005 southwest monsoon season based on these models were also found to be accurate.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Uncontrolled Keywords: atmospheric dynamics; climate modeling; climate prediction; data set; hindcasting; long range forecast; monsoon; rainfall; regression analysis; statistical analysis, Asia; Eurasia; India; South Asia
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: Administrator ePrints@MoES
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2016 08:10
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2016 08:10

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