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Possible shift in the ENSO-Indian monsoon rainfall relationship under future global warming

Azad, S and Rajeevan, M (2016) Possible shift in the ENSO-Indian monsoon rainfall relationship under future global warming. Scientific Reports, 6.

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Abstract

EI Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian monsoon rainfall are known to have an inverse relationship, which we have observed in the rainfall spectrum exhibiting a spectral dip in 3-5 y period band. It is well documented that El Nino events are known to be associated with deficit rainfall. Our analysis reveals that this spectral dip (3-5 y) is likely to shift to shorter periods (2.5-3 y) in future, suggesting a possible shift in the relationship between ENSO and monsoon rainfall. Spectral analysis of future climate projections by 20 Coupled Model Intercomparison project 5 (CMIP5) models are employed in order to corroborate our findings. Change in spectral dip speculates early occurrence of drought events in future due to multiple factors of global warming.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: Administrator ePrints@MoES
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2016 14:12
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2016 14:12
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/3992

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