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El Nino and the Indian rainfall in June

Sulochana, G and Francis, PA (2016) El Nino and the Indian rainfall in June. Current Science, 110 (6). pp. 1010-1022. ISSN 0011-3891

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Abstract

We have addressed the question of whether the massive deficit of 42% in rainfall over the Indian region in June 2014 can be attributed primarily to the El Nino. We have shown that the variation of convection over the Northern part of the Tropical West Pacific (NWTP: 120–150E, 20–30N) plays a major role in determining the all-India rainfall in June with deficit (excess) in rainfall associated with enhancement (suppression) of convection over NWTP. In June 2014, the outgoing long wave radiation (OLR) anomaly over this region was unfavourable, whereas in June 2015, the OLR anomaly over NWTP was favourable and the all-India rainfall was 16% higher than the long-term average. We find that during El Niño, when the convection over the equatorial central Pacific intensifies, there is a high propensity for intensification of convection over NWTP. Thus, El Niño appears to have an impact on the rainfall over the Indian region via its impact on the convection over the West Pacific, particularly over NWTP. This occurred in June 2014, which suggests that the large deficit in June 2014, could be primarily attributed to the El Nino acting via intensification of convection over NWTP

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: All-India rainfall;El Nino;ENSO index;West pacific.
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2016 06:19
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2016 06:19
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/3928

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