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Tibetan anticyclone and tropical easterly jet

Raghavan, K (1973) Tibetan anticyclone and tropical easterly jet. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 110. pp. 2130-2142.

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During the summer monsoon the upper tropospheric subtropical anticyclone of Asia is centred over SE Tibet (when it is called the Tibetan anticyclone). Further, the equatorward outflow from this anticyclone gains easterly angular momentum and therefore it appears as an easterly jet stream over SE Asia south of 20N between 150 mb and 100 mb. On finding these current concepts questionable, this study offers an alternative explanation for the migration of the upper tropospheric anticyclone to the Tibetan Plateau and also for the development of the tropical easterly jet. In summer the Bay of Bengal is cold compared to its adjoining continental plains in the north. Therefore in the beginning of summer the lower levels of the anticyclone migrate from their winter position in the Bay of Bengal to the warm plains in the north. As they reach the plains by about June, the upper levels of the anticyclone above 150 mb extend north over the Tibetan Plateau irrespective of whether the Plateau is a warm source or cold source because the upper levels of the subtropical anticyclone have a characteristic poleward slope in all seasons. By about July, when the lower levels of the anticyclone migrate from the plains to still warmer areas in the north over the Plateau, the upper levels which are already over the Plateau continue to remain there throughout the season. The zonal component of the equatorward outflow from the Tibetan anticyclone computed from the law of conservation of angular momentum does not bear any comparison with the observed winds in the upper troposphere over India.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Birkhauser Verlag
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2016 04:42
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2016 04:42

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