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Fair-weather atmospheric electricity study at Maitri (Antarctica)

Siingh, D and Singh, RP and Gopalakrishnan, V and Selvaraj, C and Panneerselvam, C (2013) Fair-weather atmospheric electricity study at Maitri (Antarctica). Earth, Planets and Space, 65 (12). pp. 1541-1553.

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Results of near-surface measurements of atmospheric electric field and meteorological parameters at the Indian Antarctic station, Maitri, during 12 fair-weather days of January and February, 2005, are presented. Data are analyzed to study the diurnal variation of the electric field and its departure, if any, from the global electric fields. Fair-weather days are classified into two groups depending upon the average of the hourly surface temperature. Group one, when the average of the hourly surface temperature is mostly above the freezing point, and group two, when the same is below the freezing point. The role of different ion sizes on the Maxwell current density and the air-Earth current density for the two groups are quite different under different conditions. To study the effect of ions on the atmospheric electric fields, ions are grouped as small ions, intermediate ions and large ions. We find that the small and the large ions largely influence the air-Earth current density with a correlation coefficient higher than 70. The intermediate ions have a negative correlation in the case of group one fair-weather days, whereas for group two days no correlation is found. The diurnal variations of the Maxwell current density and the electric field show a peak between 1800 UT and 2000 UT and the nature of the variation can be attributed to the variation in worldwide thunderstorm activity. The correlation coefficient between the measured electric field and the electric field from the Carnegie curve is 0.93 with a <0.0001 significance level. Thus, the observed electric field at Maitri represents the global electric field. The results show that a wind velocity of less than 10 m/s and a surface temperature of lower than +7°C have almost no impact on the electric field and Maxwell current density.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS).
Uncontrolled Keywords: atmospheric electricity; diurnal variation; electric field; electrical conductivity; ion; surface temperature; thunderstorm; wind velocity, Antarctica; East Antarctica; Maitri
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2015 05:27
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2015 05:27

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