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Vertical variation of oxygen isotope in bay of Bengal and its relationships with water masses

Sengupta, S and Parekh, A and Chakraborty, S and Ravi Kumar, K and Bose, T (2013) Vertical variation of oxygen isotope in bay of Bengal and its relationships with water masses. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118 (12). pp. 6411-6424.

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We present here, for the first time, comprehensive depth specific (near surface to 1800 m) oxygen isotope (δ18O) data set of 175 water samples collected from 22 different locations in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) during July–August 2009 and December–January 2012–2013. The study is aimed to constrain the water mass parameters using oxygen isotope and salinity. Four water masses are identified on the basis of temperature-salinity relationship: (a) Bay of Bengal Water (BoBW; 0–50 m), (b) Mixed Zone (MZ; 60–120 m), (c) Indonesian Throughflow (ITF; 200–500 m), and (d) Indian Ocean Deep Water (IDW; 600–1800 m). Our study shows: (1) δ18O-salinity correlation (slope = 0.15 ± 0.01; intercept = −4.58 ± 0.24; r2 = 0.89; n = 54) for the BoBW is found to be consistent with surface BoB water reported earlier, (2) relatively lower correlation (r2 = 0.24; n = 47) in underlying mixed zone suggesting mixing of various water masses, (3) significant linear correlation between δ18O and salinity in IDW (r2 = 0.70) indicating depleted less saline water from southern hemisphere spread up to 18°N, and (4) vertical profiles at various sampling locations showing a continuous enrichment of δ18O (0.6–0.8‰) within top 60–100 m irrespective of their proximity to coastline. In conjunction with a sharp decrease in Δ14C data below the same depth zone (60–100 m) as reported earlier, we suggest the δ18O value reaches to its acme at a zone of mixing between younger BoBW and relatively older ITF. This preliminary study indicates oxygen isotope and salinity together can be used to identify different water masses in the BoB

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Geophysical Union
Uncontrolled Keywords: Isotopes; Mixing; Oxygen; Saline water, Bay of Bengal; Indonesian throughflow; Oxygen isotopes; Paleoceanography; Southern Hemisphere; Temperature-salinity relationship; Vertical variation; Water mass, Oceanography, oxygen isotope; paleoceanography; sampling; sea surface salinity; sea surface temperature; spatiotemporal analysis; vertical distribution; water mass, Bay of Bengal; Indian Ocean
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2015 05:39
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2015 05:39

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