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About the variability in thunderstorm and rainfall activity over India and its association with El Nino and La Nina

Kulkarni, MK and Revadekar, JV and Varikoden, H (2013) About the variability in thunderstorm and rainfall activity over India and its association with El Nino and La Nina. Natural Hazards, 69 (3). pp. 2005-2019.

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Abstract

Thunderstorms are of much importance in tropics, as this region is considered to have central role in the convective overturn of the atmosphere and play an important role in rainfall activity. It is well known that El Niño and La Niña are well associated with significant climate anomalies at many places around the globe. Therefore, an attempt is made in this study to analyze variability in thunderstorm days and rainfall activity over Indian region and its association with El Niño and La Niña using data of thunderstorm day's for 64 stations well distributed all over India for the period 1981-2005 (25 years). It is seen that thunderstorm activity is higher and much variable during pre-monsoon (MAM) and southwest monsoon (JJAS) than the rest of the year. Positive correlation coefficients (CCs) are seen between thunderstorms and rainfall except for the month of June during which the onset of the southwest monsoon sets over the country. CCs during winter months are highly correlated. Composite anomalies in thunderstorms during El Niño and La Niña years suggest that ENSO conditions altered the patterns of thunderstorm activity over the country. Positive anomalies are seen during pre-monsoon (MAM) and southwest monsoon months (JAS) during La Niña years. Opposite features are seen in southwest monsoon during El Niño periods, but El Niño favors thunderstorm activity during pre-monsoon months. There is a clear contrast between the role of ENSO during southwest monsoon and post-monsoon on thunderstorm activity over the country. Time series of thunderstorms and precipitation show strong association with similarities in their year-to-year variation over the country.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer
Uncontrolled Keywords: climate variation; correlation; El Nino; La Nina; monsoon; rainfall; thunderstorm, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2015 09:11
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2015 09:11
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/2867

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