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Long-term trends and decadal solar variability in ozone near the tropopause over the Indian region

Fadnavis, S and Iyer, U and Ernest Raj, P (2013) Long-term trends and decadal solar variability in ozone near the tropopause over the Indian region. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 34 (19). pp. 6749-6763.

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To investigate the long-term trends and effects of decadal solar variability in the upper tropospheric ozone, data obtained from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II (SAGE II) aboard the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) during the period 1985-2005 were analysed using a multifunctional regression model over the Indian region (8-40° N; 65-100° E). Analysis of time series spanning these years shows statistically insignificant trends (at the two-sigma level (95 confidence level)) at upper tropospheric pressure levels (10-16 km). This period covers two solar cycles, one lasting from 1985 to 1995 and the other from 1996 to 2005; these are referred to as decade I and decade II, respectively. Since temporal variation in ozone number density indicates 11 year periodicity, trends are statistically significant when calculated separately during each solar cycle. Trend analysis indicates statistically significant positive trends (0.7 ± 1.7 to 3.9 ± 2.9 year-1 during decade I, and 2.2 ± 1.6 to 4.5 ± 3.0 year-1 during decade II). In general, higher ozone trends are observed during decade II. Seasonal variation in trends during decade II shows increasing trends during the pre-monsoon (0.8-3.8 year-1), monsoon (0.8-7.1 year-1), and post-monsoon (2.8-8.0 year-1) seasons. The annually averaged solar signal in ozone is found to be of the order of around -5 ± 4.3 to -13.8 ± 6.7/(100 sfu). Results obtained in the present study are also compared with those obtained by other researchers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyrights of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Confidence levels; Earth radiation Budget; Regression model; Seasonal variation; Solar variability; Stratospheric aerosols; Temporal variation; Tropospheric ozone, Atmospheric thermodynamics; Radiation effects; Regression analysis; Solar energy; Troposphere; Upper atmosphere, Ozone, decadal variation; long-term change; ozone; remote sensing; seasonal variation; solar cycle; solar radiation; trend analysis; tropopause, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2014 06:24
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2014 06:24

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