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Influence of Eurasian snow on Indian summer monsoon in NCEP CFSv2 freerun

Saha, SK and Pokhrel, S and Chaudhari, HS (2013) Influence of Eurasian snow on Indian summer monsoon in NCEP CFSv2 freerun. Climate Dynamics, 41 (7-8). pp. 1801-1815.

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The latest version of the state-of-the-art global land-atmosphere-ocean coupled climate forecast system of NCEP has shown considerable improvement in various aspects of the Indian summer monsoon. However, climatological mean dry bias over the Indian sub-continent is further increased as compared to the previous version. Here we have attempted to link this dry bias with climatological mean bias in the Eurasian winter/spring snow, which is one of the important predictors of the Indian summer monsoon rainfall (ISMR). Simulation of interannual variability of the Eurasian snow and its teleconnection with the ISMR are quite reasonable in the model. Using composite analysis it is shown that a positive snow anomaly, which is comparable to the systematic bias in the model, results into significant decrease in the summer monsoon rainfall over the central India and part of the Equatorial Indian Ocean. Decrease in the summer monsoon rainfall is also found to be linked with weaker northward propagation of intraseasonal oscillation (ISO). A barotropic stationary wave triggered by positive snow anomaly over west Eurasia weakens the upper level monsoon circulation, which in turn reduces the zonal wind shear and hence, weakens the northward propagation of summer monsoon ISOs. A sensitivity experiment by reducing snow fall over Eurasian region causes decrease in winter and spring snow depth, which in turn leads to decrease in Indian summer monsoon rainfall. Results from the sensitivity experiment corroborate with those of composite analysis based on long free run. This study suggests that further improvements in the snow parametrization schemes as well as Arctic sea ice are needed to reduce the Eurasian snow bias during winter/spring, which may reduce the dry bias over Indian sub-continent and hence predictability aspect of the model.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyrights of this article belongs to Springer.
Uncontrolled Keywords: annual variation; climate oscillation; climate prediction; monsoon; oceanic circulation; rainfall; sea ice; snow; summer; teleconnection; wind shear; zonal wind, Arctic Ocean; Eurasia; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean (Equatorial)
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2014 06:24
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2014 06:24

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