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In situ measurements of aerosol vertical and spatial distributions over continental India during the major drought year 2009

Padmakumari, B and Maheskumar, RS and Harikishan, G and Morwal, SB and Prabha, TV and Kulkarni, JR (2013) In situ measurements of aerosol vertical and spatial distributions over continental India during the major drought year 2009. Atmospheric Environment, 80. pp. 107-121.

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Abstract

The variability in aerosol vertical and spatial distribution over the continental Indian region is studied using the airborne observations during the Cloud Aerosol Interactions and Precipitation Enhancement EXperiment (CAIPEEX) from May to September, 2009. The fine mode (0.1-3.0μm) aerosol vertical profiles up to 6km at different regions showed different vertical structures mostly influenced by the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) depth as well as the origin of air mass trajectories and the presence of clouds. Elevated aerosol layers are observed during pre-monsoon and during monsoon at some locations but comparatively lower than the one observed in the boundary layer. During monsoon, aerosol number concentration showed strong vertical gradient and a transition is observed between the boundary layer and the free troposphere. The coarse mode (>3μm) aerosol vertical profiles also showed elevated layers at higher altitudes due to the incursion of dry air laddened with dust. The spatial distribution shows significant variation at the elevated layers as compared to that in the boundary layer during pre-monsoon, while high variability is observed in the boundary layer during monsoon. The frequency distribution of different aerosol types from Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) showed dominating contributions from dust, polluted dust and smoke during pre-monsoon. During monsoon also traces of these pollutants were found to be high as the year 2009 is a drought year with rainfall deficiency of 22. The surface level number concentration and the height of ABL are found to influence the aerosol optical depths significantly.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyrights of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerosol types; Aerosol vertical profiles; CAIPEEX; Cloud-aerosol lidar and infrared pathfinder satellite observations; Coarse mode; Elevated pollution layers; Frequency distributions; Precipitation enhancement, Atmospheric aerosols; Atmospheric thermodynamics; Boundary layers; Drought; Dust; Spatial distribution, Air pollution, aerosol property; air mass; boundary layer; CALIPSO; drought; dust; in situ measurement; lidar; rainfall; smoke; spatial distribution; troposphere; vertical distribution; vertical profile, aerosol; article; boundary layer; cloud; drought; dust; precipitation; priority journal; seasonal rain forest; troposphere, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2014 10:24
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2014 10:24
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/266

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