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Review of challenges in reliable electric power delivery to remote deep water enhanced oil recovery systems

Narayanaswamy, V (2013) Review of challenges in reliable electric power delivery to remote deep water enhanced oil recovery systems. Applied Ocean Research, 43. pp. 53-67.

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Abstract

This paper reviews the major challenges involved in reliable electric power delivery to remote deep water enhanced oil recovery (EOR) systems. As the oil well matures, top side based booster systems are not economical, and hence, subsea based booster systems are required. Such EOR processes require subsea systems to be operated at varying power and voltage levels, and this requires establishing subsea power stations with long tiebacks from the shore. Subsea stations carry out safe voltage step-down, distribution and conversion of electrical power in the order of mega watts. Breakdowns in subsea based EOR systems lead to huge production losses, and system retrieval for repair and maintenance is very costly and time consuming, and therefore systems need to be highly reliable. This paper describes the technical challenges involved in subsea variable speed motor drives, long step out power transmission, subsea energy storage requirements for safe start up and emergency shutdown, thermal and humidity management inside pressure rated enclosures, fault localization, pressure tolerant electronics and bio-fouling. Emerging advancements in electrical, power electronic, power transmission, energy storage and packaging technologies are reviewed, giving the confidence that the present technical maturity would be able to drive the development of reliable subsea based EOR systems.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: EOR; ESD; FIT; MTBF; PSD; VSDS; Wet-mate, Electric drives; Electric power transmission; Electricity; Energy storage; Enhanced recovery; Insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBT); Power transmission; Variable speed transmissions, Offshore oil wells, biofouling; deep water; electricity; enhanced oil recovery; offshore engineering; oil well; repair; subsea production system; technical efficiency
Subjects: Oceanography > oceanography
Depositing User: NIOT Library
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2013 12:11
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2013 12:11
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/243

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