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Lightning and convective rain study in different parts of India

Siingh, D and Buchunde, PS and Singh, RP and Nath, A and Kumar, S and Ghodpage, RN (2014) Lightning and convective rain study in different parts of India. Atmospheric Research, 137. pp. 35-48.

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The effect of solar variability parameters (solar flux (F10.7cm), cosmic ray flux, sunspot numbers) and meteorological parameters on convective rainfall and lightning flashes in four different Indian regions of equal area is studied. Regions are selected having different topological, vegetation, proximity with ocean and habitat features. Solar variability shows statistically insignificant effect on lightning flash and convective rainfall. The seasonal variation of lightning flashes and convective rainfall in each region could be explained considering the variation of CAPE and surface temperature in that region. The dependence of lightning flashes and convective rainfall on meteorological parameters varies from region to region, as is evident from correlation studies. Lightning flashes is well correlated (R=0.81) with CAPE in region R1 and barely correlated (R=0.23, 0.24) in region R3 and R4 whereas rainfall is well correlated (R>0.68) in all the regions. Lightning flashes are better correlated (R>0.57) with temperature in R1, R2 and R4 and moderately correlated in R3 (R=0.44). Rainfall in R3 is very well correlated (R=0.91) with surface temperature and there is insignificant correlation in R1 (R=0.09). There is very good positive correlation (R>0.59) between cloud cover and convective rainfall in the entire region and well negative correlation (-0.83<R<-0.61) between OLR and convective rainfall. OLR and cloud cover show little impact on lightning flashes. Lightning flashes and convective rainfall show average positive correlation (0.48<R<0.53). Aerosol concentration is the largest in region R4 and showed an increasing trend between 2007 and 2011. Lightning flashes and convective rainfall are positively correlated (0.10<R<0.58) with aerosol concentration.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lightning;Convective rainfall;Aerosol optical depth;Cosmic rays;CAPE;Urbanization
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2013 10:47
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2013 10:47

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