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Observed anomalous upwelling in the Lakshadweep Sea during the summer monsoon season of 2005

Gopalakrishna, VV and Rao, RR and Nisha, K and Girishkumar, MS and Pankajakshan, T and Ravichandran, M and Johnson, Z and Girish, K and Aneeshkumar, N and Srinath, M and Rajesh, S and Rajan, CK (2008) Observed anomalous upwelling in the Lakshadweep Sea during the summer monsoon season of 2005. Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, 113 (5). ISSN 2169-9291

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Repeat near-fortnightly expendable bathythermograph (XBT) transects made along Kochi-Kavaratti (KK) shipping lane in the Lakshadweep Sea (LS) during 2002-2006 are examined to describe the observed year-to-year variability of upwelling during summer monsoon season (SMS). Among all the years, the upwelling characterized by up-sloping of 25°C isotherm is relatively weaker and persisted until November during SMS of 2005 and is stronger during the SMS of 2002. As a result of prolonged upwelling, the sea surface temperature has shown cooling extending into the postmonsoon season. The estimated marine pelagic fish landings along the southwest coast of India (SWCI) have also shown increase until December. The governing mechanisms both in terms of local and remote forcings are examined to explain the observed anomalous upwelling during SMS of 2005. The equatorward alongshore wind stress (WS) along the KK XBT transect persisted in a transient manner beyond September only during SMS of 2005. The westerly wind bursts over the equator during the winter of 2004-2005 are both short-lived and relatively weaker triggering weaker upwelling Kelvin waves that propagated into LS in the following SMS of 2005. The observed distribution of negative sea surface height anomaly in the LS is relatively weaker during the SMS of 2005 and lasted longer. The correlation analysis suggests that the local alongshore WS off the SWCI and the remote forcing from the southern coast of Sri Lanka has greater influence on the observed interannual variability of upwelling in the LS when compared to the remote forcing from the equator.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Geophysical Union.
Uncontrolled Keywords: upwelling;southwest coast of India;XBT
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Oceanography > oceanography
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2013 06:05
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2013 06:05

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