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An operational medium range local weather forecasting system developed in India

Kumar, A and Maini, P and Rathore, LS and Singh, SV (2000) An operational medium range local weather forecasting system developed in India. International Journal of Climatology, 20 (1). pp. 73-87.

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Abstract

A forecasting system for objective medium range location specific forecasts of surface weather elements was evolved at the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF). The basic information used for this is the output from a general circulation model (GCM). The two essential components of the system are statistical interpretation (SI) forecast and direct model output (DMO) forecast. These are explained in brief. The SI forecast is obtained by using dynamical-statistical methods like model output statistics (MOS) and the perfect prog method (PPM) in which prediction of upper air circulation from a GCM around the location of interest is used. The DMO forecast is obtained from the prediction of surface weather elements from the GCM. The procedure for preparation of final forecast by using these two components and prevailing synoptic conditions is also explained. This is essentially a man-machine-mix approach. Finally, an evaluation of the forecast skill for the 1996 monsoon and some of the future plans are presented. Copyright

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Meteorological Society
Uncontrolled Keywords: forecasting method; general circulation model; weather forecasting, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: Administrator ePrints@MoES
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2015 05:36
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2015 05:36
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/2084

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