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Mitigating climate change impact on soybean productivity in India: A simulation study

Mall, RK and Lal, M and Bhatia, VS and Rathore, LS and Singh, R (2004) Mitigating climate change impact on soybean productivity in India: A simulation study. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 121 (1-2). pp. 113-125.

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Field experiments with soybean were conducted over a period of 1990-1998 in diverse Indian locations ranging in latitude, longitude, and elevation. These locations provided a wide range of environments for testing and validation of the crop growth (CROPGRO) model considered in this study with observed changes in soils, rainfall and other weather parameters. Model predicted satisfactorily the trends of days to flowering, maturity and grain yields. The deviations of simulated results were within ±15 of the measurements. Validated CROPGRO model has been used to simulate the impact of climate change on soybean production in India. The projected scenarios for the Indian subcontinent as inferred from three state-of-the-art global climate models (GCMs) have been used in the present study. There was a decrease (ranging between about 10 and 20) in soybean yield in all the three future scenarios when the effect of rise in surface air temperature at the time of the doubling of CO2 concentration was considered. The results obtained on the mitigatory option for reducing the negative impacts of temperature increases indicate that delaying the sowing dates would be favorable for increased soybean yields at all the locations in India. Sowing in the second season would also be able to mitigate the detrimental effects of future increases in surface temperature due to global warming at some locations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: climate change; crop production; mitigation; modeling; sowing date; soybean, Glycine max
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: Administrator ePrints@MoES
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2015 06:10
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2015 06:10

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