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A multi-model superensemble algorithm for seasonal climate prediction using DEMETER forecasts

Yun, WT and Stefanova, L and Mitra, AK and Vijaya Kumar, TSV and Dewar, W and Krishnamurti, TN (2005) A multi-model superensemble algorithm for seasonal climate prediction using DEMETER forecasts. Tellus, Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 57 (3). pp. 280-289.

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In this paper, a multi-model ensemble approach with statistical correction for seasonal precipitation forecasts using a coupled DEMETER model data set is presented. Despite the continuous improvement of coupled models, they have serious systematic errors in terms of the mean, the annual cycle and the interannual variability; consequently, the predictive skill of extended forecasts remains quite low. One of the approaches to the improvement of seasonal prediction is the empirical weighted multi-model ensemble, or superensemble, combination. In the superensemble approach, the different model forecasts are statistically combined during the training phase using multiple linear regression, with the skill of each ensemble member implicitly factored into the superensemble forecast. The skill of a superensemble relies strongly on the past performance of the individual member models used in its construction. The algorithm proposed here involves empirical orthogonal function (EOF) filtering of the actual data set prior to the construction of a multi-model ensemble or superensemble as an alternative solution for seasonal prediction. This algorithm generates a new data set from the input multi-model data set by finding a consistent spatial pattern between the observed analysis and the individual model forecast. This procedure is a multiple linear regression problem in the EOF space. The newly generated EOF-filtered data set is then used as an input data set for the construction of a multi-model ensemble and superensemble. The skill of forecast anomalies is assessed using statistics of categorical forecast, spatial anomaly correlation and root mean square (RMS) errors. The various verifications show that the unbiased multi-model ensemble of DEMETER forecasts improves the prediction of spatial patterns (i.e. the anomaly correlation), but it shows poor skill in categorical forecast. Due to the removal of seasonal mean biases of the different models, the forecast errors of the bias-corrected multi-model ensemble and superensemble are already quite small. Based on the anomaly correlation and RMS measures, the forecasts produced by the proposed method slightly outperform the other conventional forecasts.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Blackwell Munksgaard
Uncontrolled Keywords: accuracy assessment; algorithm; ensemble forecasting; seasonality
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: Administrator ePrints@MoES
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2015 09:44
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2015 09:44

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