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Probabilistic assessment of earthquake recurrence in northeast India and adjoining regions

Yadav, RBS and Tripathi, JN and Rastogi, BK and Das, MC and Chopra, S (2010) Probabilistic assessment of earthquake recurrence in northeast India and adjoining regions. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 167 (11). pp. 1331-1342.

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NortheastIndiaandadjoiningregions(20°-32 Nand 87°-100 E) are highly vulnerable to earthquake hazard in the Indian sub-continent, which fall under seismic zones V, IV and III in the seismic zoning map of India with magnitudes Mexceeding 8,7 and6, respectively. It has experienced two devastating earthquakes, namely, the Shillong Plateau earthquake of June 12, 1897 (M w 8.1) and the Assam earthquake of August 15, 1950 (M w 8.5) that caused huge loss of lives and property in the Indian sub-continent. In the present study, the probabilities of the occurrences of earthquakes with magnitude M�C 7.0 during a specified interval of time has been estimated on the basis of three probabilistic models, namely, Weibull, Gamma and Lognormal, with the help of the earthquake catalogue spanning the period 1846 to 1995. The method of maximum likelihood has been used to estimate the earthquake hazard parameters. The logarithmic probability of likelihood function (ln L) is estimated and used to compare the suitability of models and it was found that the Gamma model fits best with the actual data. The sample mean interval of occurrence of such earthquakes is estimated as 7.82 years in the northeast India region and the expected mean values for Weibull, Gamma and Lognormal distributions are estimated as 7.837, 7.820 and 8.269 years, respectively. The estimated cumulative probability for an earthquake C 7.0 reaches 0.8 after about 15-16 (2010-2011) years and 0.9 after about 18-20 (2013-2015) years from the occurrence of the last earthquake (1995) in the region. The estimated conditional probability also reaches 0.8 to 0.9 after about 13-17 (2008-2012) years in the considered region for an earthquake 7.0 when the elapsed time is zero years. However, the conditional probability reaches 0.8 to 0.9 after about 9-13 (2018-2022) years for earthquake 7.0 when the elapsed time is 14 years (i.e. 2009).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer
Uncontrolled Keywords: Probabilistic models;cumulative probability;conditional probability;earthquake hazard
Subjects: Earth Resources and Remote Sensing
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2013 23:47
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2013 23:47

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