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Skill of monthly rainfall forecasts over India using multi-model ensemble schemes

Kar, SC and Acharya, N and Mohanty, UC and Kulkarni, MA (2012) Skill of monthly rainfall forecasts over India using multi-model ensemble schemes. International Journal of Climatology, 32 (8). pp. 1271-1286.

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Rainfall in the month of July in India is decided by large-scale monsoon pattern in seasonal to interannual timescales as well as intraseasonal oscillations. India receives maximum rainfall during July and August. Global dynamic models (either atmosphere only or coupled models) have varying skills in predicting the monthly rainfall over India during July. Multi-model ensemble (MME) methods have been utilized to evaluate the skills of five global model predictions for 1982-2004. The objective has been to develop a prediction system to be used in real time to derive the mean of the forecast distribution of monthly rainfall. It has been found that the weighted multi-model ensemble (MME) schemes have higher skill in predicting July rainfall compared to individual models. Through the MME methods, skill of rainfall predictions improved significantly over eastern parts of India. However, there is a region over India where none of the models or the MME scheme has any useful skill. Similarly, there are few typical years in which the mean distribution of July rainfall cannot be predicted with higher skill using the available statistical post-processing methods. A simple MME probabilistic scheme has been utilized to show that skill of probabilistic predictions improved when the representation of mean of forecast distribution has better skill.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Meteorological Society
Uncontrolled Keywords: Distribution; Forecast; MME; Monthly; Skill, Probability distributions; Rain, Forecasting, annual variation; climate prediction; ensemble forecasting; monsoon; numerical model; probability; rainfall; seasonal variation; timescale, India
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: Administrator ePrints@MoES
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2015 09:50
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2015 10:00

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