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Evolution and sub-surface characteristics of a sea-surface temperature filament and front in the northeastern Arabian Sea during November-December 2012

Vipin, P and Sarkar, K and Aparna, SG and Shankar, D and Sarma, VVVS and Gracias, DG and Krishna, MS and Srikanth, G and Mandal, R and Rama Rao, EP and Srinivasa Rao, N (2015) Evolution and sub-surface characteristics of a sea-surface temperature filament and front in the northeastern Arabian Sea during November-December 2012. Journal of Marine Systems, 150. pp. 1-11.

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Abstract

We used satellite-derived sea-surface-temperature (SST) data along with in-situ data collected along a meridional transect between 18.85 and 20.25°N along 69.2°E to describe the evolution of an SST filament and front during 25 November to 1 December in the northeastern Arabian Sea (NEAS). Both features were ~100km long, lasted about a week, and were associated with weak temperature gradients (~0.07°Ckm-1). The in-situ data were collected first using a suite of surface sensors during a north-south mapping of this transect and showed the existence of a chlorophyll maximum within the filament. This surface data acquisition was followed by a high-resolution south-north CTD (conductivity-temperature-depth) sampling along the transect. In the two days that elapsed between the two in-situ measurements, the filament had shrunk in size and moved northward. In general, the current direction was northwestward and advected these mesoscale features. The CTD data also showed an SST front towards the northern end of the transect. In both these features, the chlorophyll concentration was higher than in the surrounding waters. The temperature and salinity data from the CTD suggest upward mixing or pumping of water from the base of the mixed layer, where a chlorophyll maximum was present, into the mixed layer that was about 60m thick. A striking diurnal cycle was evident in the chlorophyll concentration, with higher values tending to occur closer to the surface during the night. The in-situ data from both surface sensors and CTD, and so also satellite-derived chlorophyll data, showed higher chlorophyll concentration, particularly at sub-surface levels, between the filament and the front, but there was no corresponding signature in the temperature and salinity data. Analysis of the SST fronts in the satellite data shows that fronts weaker than those associated with the filament and the front had crossed the transect in this region a day or two preceding the sampling of the front

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mesoscale processes;Frontal systems;Potential fishery zones; Indian Ocean;West India Coastal Current
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Oceanography > oceanography
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2015 09:19
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2015 09:19
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1991

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