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Study of chemical species in rainwater at Ballia, a rural environment in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India

Tiwari, S and Ranade, A and Singh, D and Pandey, AK (2006) Study of chemical species in rainwater at Ballia, a rural environment in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. Indian Journal of Radio and Space Physics, 35 (1). pp. 35-41.

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Abstract

Samples of rainwater were collected at a rural environment in eastern Uttar Pradesh at Ballia using 24-h sampling period from July to September 2001. Bulk collector was used for collection of rainwater. All samples were analyzed for major ions (Cl -, SO 4 2-, NO 3 -, NH 4 +, Na +, K +, Ca 2+ and Mg 2+) and pH. Concentration of bicarbonate ion was also computed by a theoretical method. Ammonium, calcium and sulphate were found to have the highest concentrations in rainwater. Volume weighted mean of H + showed that on an average pH was in alkaline range (6.32 ± 0.16) and varied from 6.1 to 6.8. Equivalent concentration of components followed the order: NH 4 + > Ca 2+ > SO 4 2- > HCO 3 - > NO 3 - > Cl - > Na + > Mg 2+ > K + > H +. Chemical composition of rainwater at Ballia was similar to that observed at other sites in India except with regard to the concentration of ammonium. High concentration of ammonium in rainwater in this region is due to agricultural activity, human and animal excretion. Fractional acidity was calculated and found to be very less (0.01), indicating that most of the acidity (99) was neutralized by alkaline components.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to NISCAIR.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rainwater;Ion concentration;pH value;Precipitation
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2014 11:07
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2014 11:07
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1962

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