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Predictability of sea surface temperature anomalies in the Indian Ocean using artificial neural networks

Tripathi, KC and Das, ML and Sahai, AK (2006) Predictability of sea surface temperature anomalies in the Indian Ocean using artificial neural networks. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, 35 (3). pp. 210-220.

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Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) have been used to access the predictability of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies for the small area of Indian Ocean Region (27° to 35° S and 96° to 104° E). Twelve networks, corresponding to each month, have been trained on the area average SST values. The performance of the networks has been evaluated and found that the models have been able to predict the anomalies with a reasonably good accuracy. The performance of ANN models has been compared with the Linear Multivariate Regression model to justify the use of a nonlinear model. It has been found that whenever the dependence of present anomalies on the past anomalies show a nonlinear relationship, the linear model such as regression models fails to make any forecast. These are the months of June, September, October and November. In such cases the nonlinear ANN models have been proved to be fairly useful and make relatively better forecasts. When the dependence is linear, the performance of the ANN models is similar to the regression models. In such cases, use of ANN models only leads to increase in complexity without significant improvement in the performance.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to NISCAIR.
Uncontrolled Keywords: anomaly; artificial neural network; forecasting method; multiple regression; numerical model; sea surface temperature, Indian Ocean
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 25 Dec 2014 06:48
Last Modified: 25 Dec 2014 06:48

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