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Response of subsurface waters in the eastern Arabian Sea to tropical cyclones

Rao, AD and Joshi, M and Jain, I and Ravichandran, M (2010) Response of subsurface waters in the eastern Arabian Sea to tropical cyclones. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 89 (4). pp. 267-276.

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Thermister chain data at different depths for June 1998 cyclone in the Arabian Sea at a location (69.2 E,15.5 N) which is about 60 km to the left of the cyclone track indicates subsurface warming below 60 m and inertial oscillations of temperature with a periodicity of about 2 days. The oscillations continued for 15 days even after the cyclone crossed the coast. The analysis of the buoy, DS1 located at the same position also suggests a stabilized southward flow after about two weeks of the cyclone crossed the coast. Analysis of the buoy data for May 1999 cyclone in the same region also indicates similar pattern. In order to investigate the effect of cyclone-ocean interaction and primarily to understand the process for the subsurface warming, 3-dimensional Princeton Ocean Model is configured for the eastern part of the Arabian Sea. The model uses high horizontal resolution of about 6 km near the coast and a terrain following sigma coordinate in the vertical with 26 levels. The study focuses on surface cooling and temperature rise in the underlying waters and explains its mechanism through upwelling and downwelling respectively. The simulations in concurrence with the observations suggest that the occurrence of subsurface warming precedes the surface cooling with a lag of ~a day as the cyclone advances DS1. The simulations also demonstrate local temperature stratification plays an important role for cooling of the upper ocean and warming of the subsurface waters and extent of warming is directly related to the depth of the thermocline.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this Article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: ocean circulation;subsurface warming;thermal structure; cyclones;modeling
Subjects: Oceanography > oceanography
Depositing User: INCOIS Library
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2013 10:15
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2013 10:15

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