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Seasonal variation of black carbon aerosols over a tropical urban city of Pune, India

Safai, PD and Kewat, S and Praveen, PS and Rao, PSP and Momin, GA and Ali, K and Devara, PCS (2007) Seasonal variation of black carbon aerosols over a tropical urban city of Pune, India. Atmospheric Environment, 41 (13). pp. 2699-2709.

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Abstract

Black carbon (BC) aerosols were monitored continuously at Pune, a tropical urban location in southwest India, using aethalometer AE-42 model. Results of the data for the 1-year period (January to December 2005) have been discussed here. Seasonal and diurnal variations of BC in relation to changes in the regional meteorological conditions and local boundary layer characteristics have been studied along with the mass fraction of BC to the total suspended particulates (TSP) in different months. Also, using the Hysplit model, back-trajectories are studied to assess the sources for transported BC particles. The data collected during January to December 2005 indicated that annual average BC concentration (4.1 μg m-3) at Pune was comparable to that reported for other urban locations in southern Indian region. During winter season, BC concentrations were maximum (about 80 more than annual mean), mainly due to prevailing meteorological conditions like low wind speeds and low ventilation coefficients; as well as due to the transport from northeast regions. Minimum BC concentrations were observed during monsoon season (about 68 less than annual mean), which could be attributed to the wash-out effects due to precipitation as well as due to southwesterly winds coming from marine areas. Diurnal variation of BC showed two peaks, one in morning and another in the evening, which are mostly related to the daily changes in the local boundary layer. However, the intensity of local traffic emissions could have some impact on the magnitude of these peaks. BC aerosols formed about 2.3 of the total aerosol mass fraction at Pune.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Boundary layers; Carbon black; Climatology; India; Precipitation (chemical); Urban planning, Back-trajectory analysis; BC mass fraction to TSP; Diurnal BC changes; Seasonal BC changes, Aerosols, carbon, aerosol; atmospheric pollution; atmospheric transport; back analysis; black carbon; boundary layer; fallout; pollutant source; pollutant transport; pollution monitoring; seasonal variation; suspended particulate matter; traffic emission; tropical region; urban atmosphere, aerosol; air monitoring; article; boundary layer; India; particulate matter; precipitation; priority journal; seasonal variation; tropics; urban area; wind; winter, Asia; Eurasia; India; Maharashtra; Pune; South Asia
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology
Depositing User: IITM Library
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2015 10:58
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2015 10:58
URI: http://moeseprints.incois.gov.in/id/eprint/1902

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